The bm 1 H-2Kb mutant differs from the parental strain C57BL/6 (B6) only at amino acid (AA) positions 152, 155, and 156 of the H-2K molecule. The H-2Ld molecule is structurally identical with the H-2 Kbm1 molecule from positions 146-162, thus including all three AA substitutions in Kbm1. In direct lysis and monolayer adsorption studies, B6 anti-bml cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were shown to include at least five distinct CTL subsets of the following specificities. (a) Uniquely reactive with Kbm1; (b) cross-reactive with Kk; (c) cross-reactive with Dk; (d) cross-reactive with H-2d minus Ld, and (e) cross-reactive with Ld. If B6 anti-bm1 CTL were directed against the primary AA-sequence difference, then all five subsets are expected to react with Ld. However, four out of five CTL subsets including a major population uniquely directed against Kbm1 failed to react with Ld. These findings strongly strengthen the notion that CTL recognize conformational determinants and not primary AA sequences.
Direct demonstration that cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognize conformational determinants and not primary amino acid sequences.
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L P De Waal, S G Nathenson, C J Melief; Direct demonstration that cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognize conformational determinants and not primary amino acid sequences.. J Exp Med 1 November 1983; 158 (5): 1720–1726. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.158.5.1720
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