Sera obtained from senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) and normal mice contained a substance that reacted with antiserum raised against ASSAM, a novel senile amyloid fibril protein isolated from the liver of SAM. This physiological substance, termed "SASSAM" (serum ASSAM-related antigenic substance), migrated to the albumin/prealbumin region in immunoelectrophoresis and the precipitation line formed with anti-ASSAM antiserum was stained positively with both Amide Black 10 B and Oil Red O/Fat Red 7B solutions, thereby suggesting that SASSAM is an alpha lipoprotein. Using Sephadex G-200 gel chromatography, SASSAM was eluted as a high mol wt form of approximately 200,000 daltons. Fractionation of lipoprotein from normal mouse serum by preparative ultra-centrifugation disclosed that SASSAM was found mainly in high density lipoprotein, HDL (the density is between 1.063 and 1.21 g/cm3). The largest amount of SASSAM was found in the HDL2 fraction (the density is between 1.063 and 1.125) and in this fraction SAA was not detected. Furthermore, ASSAM immunoreactivity appeared in the low mol wt proteins (below 10,000 daltons) of apo HDL separated in the buffer containing 8 M urea through Sephadex G-200. In 8 M urea sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), the major components of apolipoproteins in this position, possibly corresponding to apo C proteins, have the same molecular weight, 5,200 daltons, as ASSAM and this component was labeled by anti-ASSAM antiserum after transfer to nitrocellulose paper.

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