A macrophage-dependent, antigen-specific murine T-cell proliferation assay was utilized to examine the role of soluble products of murine and human adherent cells in the activation of T lymphocytes. Highly purified human leukocytic pyrogen, and supernates from both murine and human mononuclear phagocytes-macrophages stimulated the immune T-cell proliferative response to the multideterminant antigens dinitrophenyl-ovalbumin and keyhole limpet hemocyanin. The implications of these studies and the relationship of leukocytic pyrogen to human lymphocyte-activating factor are discussed.

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