An unusual protein AR was isolated from the amyloid fibril preparation derived from a patient with primary amyloidosis. Protein AR was unique in its antigenicity, and revealed no structural identity with any known amyloid proteins or with immunoglobulin chains or fragments. Thus a new third class of amyloid fibril proteins besides the immunoglobulin light-chain variable region fragments and the nonimmunoglobulin protein AS, has been characterized. A component antigenically related to protein AR was found in the serum of the patient.

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