Thymus cells from CBA and BALB/c mice are stimulated by syngeneic peripheral lymphoid cells in a "one-way" mixed lymphocyte reaction. The stimulating cell appears to be a mature B cell.
Spleen cells from neonatal mice and thymus cells or bone marrow cells from adult mice are not able to induce DNA synthesis in syngeneic thymus cells, although they stimulate significantly allogeneic thymocytes. The ability of peripheral B cells to serve as stimulating cell in a syngeneic reaction develops with the age of the animal.
The marginal stimulation of syngeneic thymus cells when 90% pure peripheral T cells were used as stimulating cells indicated that T cells alone were ineffective in stimulating in syngeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction. However they stimulated effective allogeneic thymocytes.
On a cell-to-cell basis, light density splenic lymphocytes stimulated both syngeneic and allogeneic thymocytes better than did more dense lymphocytes.
The data obtained suggest that stimuli other than those responsible for allogeneic stimulation induce proliferation of syngeneic thymus cells under identical culture conditions.