The previously reported relationship between nephritogenicity and bacteriocine production among Group A streptococci has been examined. Using techniques comparable to the earlier study, the present study did not reveal any such relationship. Among 73 strains tested, 53% produced bacteriocines; no significant difference was noted between bacteriocines from strains isolated from cases of nephritis and those from a group of strains recovered from patients with other conditions. In addition, no correlation between type and bacteriocine production was observed.

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