The Limulus retina responds as a linear system to light stimuli which vary moderately about a mean level. The dynamics of such a system may conveniently be summarized by means of a spatiotemporal transfer function, which describes the response of the system to moving sinusoidal gratings. The response of the system to an arbitrary stimulus may then be calculated by adding together the system's responses to suitably weighted sinusoidal stimuli. We have measured such a spatiotemporal transfer function for the Limulus eye. We have then accurately predicted, in a parameter-free calculation, the eye's response to various stimulus patterns which move across it at several different velocities.

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