Acetylcholine (ACh) was applied iontophoretically to the innervated face of isolated eel electroplaques while the membrane potential was being recorded intracellularly. At the resting potential (about -85 mV) application of the drug produced depolarizations (ACh potentials) of 20 mV or more which became smaller when the membrane was depolarized and reversed in polarity at about zero membrane potential. The reversal potential shifted in the negative direction when external Na+ was partially replaced by glucosamine. Increasing external K+ caused a shift of reversal potential in the positive direction. It was concluded that ACh increased the permeability of the postjunctional membrane to both ions. Replacement of Cl- by propionate had no effect on the reversal potential. In Na+-free solution containing glucosamine the reversal potential was positive to the resting potential, suggesting that ACh increased the permeability to glucosamine. Addition of Ca++ resulted in a still more positive reversal potential, indicating an increased permeability to Ca++ as well. Analysis of the results indicated that the increases in permeability of the postjunctional membrane to K+, Na+, Ca++, and glucosamine were in the ratios of approximately 1.0:0.9:0.7:0.2, respectively. With these permeability ratios, all of the observed shifts in reversal potential with changes in external ionic composition were predicted accurately by the constant field equation.

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