The efflux of chloride-36 from human erythrocytes under steady-state conditions is a saturable process that is competitively inhibited by bicarbonate and noncompetitively inhibited by acetate. This chloride self-exchange flux is reversibly dependent on the pH of the medium between 5.7 and 9.6 with a maximum flux at pH 7.8. The increase in chloride flux between pH 5.7 and 7.8 is inexplicable by the fixed charge hypothesis. The interpretations are made that chloride transport in human erythrocytes is carrier mediated, that bicarbonate utilizes the same transport mechanism, and that the mechanism can be titrated with hydrogen ions into less functional forms for chloride transport.

This content is only available as a PDF.