This paper reports the effects of amphotericin B, a polyene antibiotic, on the water and nonelectrolyte permeability of optically black, thin lipid membranes formed from sheep red blood cell lipids dissolved in decane. The permeability coefficients for the diffusion of water and nonelectrolytes (PDDi) were estimated from unidirectional tracer fluxes when net water flow (Jw) was zero. Alternatively, an osmotic water permeability coefficient (Pf) was computed from Jw when the two aqueous phases contained unequal solute concentrations. In the absence of amphotericin B, when the membrane solutions contained equimolar amounts of cholesterol and phospholipid, Pf was 22.9 ± 4.6 µsec-1 and PDDHDH2O was 10.8 ± 2.4 µsec-1. Furthermore, PDDi was < 0.05 µsec-1 for urea, glycerol, ribose, arabinose, glucose, and sucrose, and σi, the reflection coefficient of each of these solutes was one. When amphotericin B (10-6 M) was present in the aqueous phases and the membrane solutions contained equimolar amounts of cholesterol and phospholipid, PDDHDH2O was 18.1 ± 2.4 µsec-1; Pf was 549 ± 143 µsec-1 when glucose, sucrose, and raffinose were the aqueous solutes. Concomitantly, PDDi varied inversely, and σi directly, with the effective hydrodynamic radii of the solutes tested. These polyene-dependent phenomena required the presence of cholesterol in the membrane solutions. These data were analyzed in terms of restricted diffusion and filtration through uniform right circular cylinders, and were compatible with the hypothesis that the interactions of amphotericin B with membrane-bound cholesterol result in the formation of pores whose equivalent radii are in the range 7 to 10.5 A.
The Effect of Amphotericin B on the Water and Nonelectrolyte Permeability of Thin Lipid Membranes
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Thomas E. Andreoli, Vincent W. Dennis, Ann M. Weigl; The Effect of Amphotericin B on the Water and Nonelectrolyte Permeability of Thin Lipid Membranes . J Gen Physiol 1 February 1969; 53 (2): 133–156. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.53.2.133
Download citation file: