The effects of changes in Na concentration of the bathing solutions on some transport and permeability properties of the isolated frog skin have been examined. Rate coefficients for unidirectional Na movements across the two major barriers in the skin have been estimated as functions of Na concentration. The results indicate that the "apparent Na permeability" of the outer barrier of the skin decreases markedly when Na concentration in the outer solution is increased from 7 to 115 mM. The observed saturation of rate of Na transport with increasing Na concentration can be ascribed, in part, to this permeability change rather than to saturation of the transport system itself. Unidirectional Cl flux across the short-circuited skin was not significantly altered by an increase in Na concentration from 30 to 115 mM suggesting that the changes in membrane properties are relatively specific for the Na ion. The results also suggest that the movement of Na across the outer membrane may not be due entirely to simple passive diffusion of free Na ions.
The Influence of Na Concentration on Na Transport across Frog Skin
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Marcelino Cereijido, Francisco C. Herrera, William J. Flanigan, Peter F. Curran; The Influence of Na Concentration on Na Transport across Frog Skin . J Gen Physiol 1 May 1964; 47 (5): 879–893. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.47.5.879
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