1. When solutions of KCl, NaCl, or LiCl are separated from water without salt by a collodion-gelatin membrane and when the pH of both salt solution and water are on the acid side of the isoelectric point of gelatin, water diffuses from the side of pure water into the salt solution at a rate increasing inversely with the radius of the cations.
2. The adsorption theory would lead us to assume that this influence of the cations is due to an increase of the P.D. between the liquid and the membrane inside the pores of the gelatin film of the membrane, but direct measurements of this P.D. contradict such an assumption, since they show that the influence of the three salts on this P.D. is identical at pH 3.0.
3. It is found, however, that the P.D. across the membrane is affected in a similar way by the three cations as is the transport of water through the membrane.
4. This P.D. across the membrane varies inversely as the relative mobility of the three cations which suggests that the influence of the three cations on the diffusion of liquid through the membrane is partly if not essentially due to a diffusion potential.