Microanatomical studies on the abdominal stretch receptor organs of the crayfish Astacus fluviatilis L. have been carried out in order to establish a basis for the physiological work that has been, and is being carried out on stretch receptors of various species of crayfish.

Important differences have been found between these organs and those previously described by Alexandrowicz for the lobsters Homarus vulgaris and Palinurus vulgaris.

With the aid of silver-impregnated preparations the relationship of sensory endings and muscle fibers has been shown as well as the pattern of the efferent innervation. The physiological significance of the histological findings has been discussed.

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