Treatment with distilled water removes from Nitella the ability to give the large potential difference between 0.01 M KCl and 0.01 M NaCl which is known as the potassium effect. The potassium effect may be restored by action currents. This might be explained by saying that distilled water removes from the surface a substance, R, which is responsible for the potassium effect and which moves into the surface during the action current and thereby restores the potassium effect.

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