It is shown that disappearance of the light of luminous bacteria may be used as a criterion of cell penetration; that luminous bacteria are cytolyzed by water, hypotonic solutions, and by freely penetrating solutions; that luminous bacteria are not injured by hydrogen or hydroxyl ions in the external solutions within the range of pH values employed with the ammonium salts and that therefore disappearance of the light in isotonic solutions of these salts must be due to penetration of the solute; and that there is a characteristic difference between the effects of strong and of weak acids and alkalies on luminous bacteria.

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