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Table I.

Nomenclature of the mammalian cytoplasmic dynein subunits


Gene symbols

Revised
 protein
 symbols

Common protein names
Human
Mouse
Human and
 mouseHuman and mouse
Revised
Former
Revised
Former


Cytoplasmic dynein 1 complex      
  DYNC1H1       DNCH1   Dync1h1     Dnchc1 DYNC1H1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 heavy chain,  conventional cytoplasmic dynein  heavy chain, DHC1a, dynein 1,  dynein heavy chain 1, MAP1C 
  DYNC1I1       DNCI1   Dync1i1     Dncic1 DYNC1I1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate  chain 1, IC-1, IC74-1, IC70 
  DYNC1I2       DNCI2   Dync1i2     Dncic2 DYNC1I2 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate  chain 2, IC-2, IC74-2 
  DYNC1LI1       DNCLI1   Dync1li1     Dnclic1 DYNC1LI1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light  intermediate chain 1, LIC1 
  DYNC1LI2       DNCLI2   Dync1li2     Dnclic2 DYNC1LI2 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light  intermediate chain 2, LIC2 
  DYNLT1       TCTEL1   Dynlt1     Tctex1 DYNLT1 Dynein Tctex1 light chain 1, Tctex1 
  DYNLT3       TCTE1L   Dynlt3     Tcte1l DYNLT3 Dynein Tctex1 light chain 3, rp3 
  DYNLRB1       DNCL2A   Dynlrb1     Dnclc2a DYNLRB1 Dynein Roadblock light chain 1, RobI1 
  DYNLRB2       DNCL2B   Dynlrb2     Dnclc2b DYNLRB2 Dynein Roadblock light chain 2, RobI2 
  DYNLL1       DNCL1   Dynll1     Dnclc1 DYNLL1 Dynein LC8 light chain 1 
  DYNLL2       DNCL2   Dynll2     Dlc2 DYNLL2 Dynein LC8 light chain 2 
Cytoplasmic dynein 2 complex      
  DYNC2H1       DNCH2   Dync2h1     Dnchc2 DYNC2H1 Cytoplasmic dynein 2 heavy chain,  IFT1 dynein heavy chain, DHC1b,  dynein heavy chain 2, DHC2 
DYNC2LI1
 
n/a2
 
  Dync2li1
 
n/a2
 
DYNC2LI1
 
Cytoplasmic dynein 2 light  intermediate chain 1, D2LIC, LIC3
 

Gene symbols

Revised
 protein
 symbols

Common protein names
Human
Mouse
Human and
 mouseHuman and mouse
Revised
Former
Revised
Former


Cytoplasmic dynein 1 complex      
  DYNC1H1       DNCH1   Dync1h1     Dnchc1 DYNC1H1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 heavy chain,  conventional cytoplasmic dynein  heavy chain, DHC1a, dynein 1,  dynein heavy chain 1, MAP1C 
  DYNC1I1       DNCI1   Dync1i1     Dncic1 DYNC1I1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate  chain 1, IC-1, IC74-1, IC70 
  DYNC1I2       DNCI2   Dync1i2     Dncic2 DYNC1I2 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate  chain 2, IC-2, IC74-2 
  DYNC1LI1       DNCLI1   Dync1li1     Dnclic1 DYNC1LI1 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light  intermediate chain 1, LIC1 
  DYNC1LI2       DNCLI2   Dync1li2     Dnclic2 DYNC1LI2 Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light  intermediate chain 2, LIC2 
  DYNLT1       TCTEL1   Dynlt1     Tctex1 DYNLT1 Dynein Tctex1 light chain 1, Tctex1 
  DYNLT3       TCTE1L   Dynlt3     Tcte1l DYNLT3 Dynein Tctex1 light chain 3, rp3 
  DYNLRB1       DNCL2A   Dynlrb1     Dnclc2a DYNLRB1 Dynein Roadblock light chain 1, RobI1 
  DYNLRB2       DNCL2B   Dynlrb2     Dnclc2b DYNLRB2 Dynein Roadblock light chain 2, RobI2 
  DYNLL1       DNCL1   Dynll1     Dnclc1 DYNLL1 Dynein LC8 light chain 1 
  DYNLL2       DNCL2   Dynll2     Dlc2 DYNLL2 Dynein LC8 light chain 2 
Cytoplasmic dynein 2 complex      
  DYNC2H1       DNCH2   Dync2h1     Dnchc2 DYNC2H1 Cytoplasmic dynein 2 heavy chain,  IFT1 dynein heavy chain, DHC1b,  dynein heavy chain 2, DHC2 
DYNC2LI1
 
n/a2
 
  Dync2li1
 
n/a2
 
DYNC2LI1
 
Cytoplasmic dynein 2 light  intermediate chain 1, D2LIC, LIC3
 
1

IFT, intraflagellar transport.

2

n/a, not available.

13 well-established cytoplasmic dynein components are currently identified; other components may exist. The former mouse and human gene nomenclatures are shown along side the revised nomenclature for both species. Also shown are the suggested common protein names followed by some of the alternative names that are currently in use. In accordance with the human and mouse nomenclature rules, all gene symbols are in italics, mice genes have an uppercase first letter and the rest are lower case, and human genes have all uppercase letters. All protein symbols are in uppercase normal fonts. The designation cytoplasmic dynein Tctex1 light chain 2 is not used to avoid confusion with the gene currently known as TCTEX2 (human) and Tctex2 (mouse), which is an axonemal dynein subunit.

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