Charge movements were measured in frog intact fibers with the three-microelectrode technique and in cut fibers with the double Vaseline gap technique. At 13-14 degrees C, the ON segments of charge movement records from both preparations showed an early I beta component and a late I gamma hump component. When an intact fiber was cooled to 4-7 degrees C, the time-to-peak of I gamma (tp,gamma) was prolonged, but I gamma still appeared as a hump. Q-V plots from intact fibers at 4-7 degrees C were fitted with a sum of two Boltzmann distribution functions (method 1). The more steeply voltage-dependent component, identified with Q gamma, accounted for 32.1% (SEM 2.2%) of the total charge. This fraction was larger than the 22.6% (SEM 1.5%) obtained by separating the ON currents with a sum of two kinetic functions (method 2). The total charge in cut fibers stretched to a sarcomere length of 3.5 microns at 13-14 degrees C was separated into Q beta and Q gamma by methods 1 and 2. The fraction of Q gamma in the total charge was 51.3% (SEM 1.7%) and 53.7% (SEM 1.8%), respectively, suggesting that cut fibers have a larger proportion of Q gamma:Q beta than intact fibers. When cut fibers were stretched to a sarcomere length of 4 microns, the proportion of Q gamma:Q beta was unchanged. Between 4 and 13 degrees C, the Q10 of l/tp,gamma in intact fibers was 2.33 (SEM 0.33) and that of 1/tau beta was less than 1.44 (SEM 0.04), implying that the kinetics of I gamma has a steeper temperature dependence than the kinetics of I beta. When cut fibers were cooled from 14 to 6 degrees C, I gamma in the ON segment generally became too broad to be manifested as a hump. In a cut fiber in which I gamma was manifested as a hump, the Q10 of l/tp,gamma was 2.08 and that of l/tau beta was less than 1.47. Separating the Q-V plots from cut fibers at different temperatures by method 1 showed that the proportion of Q gamma:Q beta was unaffected by temperature change. The appearance of I gamma humps at low temperatures in intact fibers but generally not in cut fibers suggests an intrinsic difference between the two fiber preparations.
Article| August 01 1991
Comparison of charge movement components in intact and cut twitch fibers of the frog. Effects of stretch and temperature.
C S Hui
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis 46223.
Online Issn: 1540-7748
Print Issn: 0022-1295
J Gen Physiol (1991) 98 (2): 287–314.
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C S Hui; Comparison of charge movement components in intact and cut twitch fibers of the frog. Effects of stretch and temperature.. J Gen Physiol 1 August 1991; 98 (2): 287–314. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.98.2.287
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