The unidirectional sodium, uptake at the outer surface of the frog skin was measured by the method described by Biber and Curran (8). With bathing solutions containing 6 mM NaCl there is a good correlation between sodium uptake and short-circuit current (SCC) measured simultaneously except that the average uptake is about 40% higher than the average SCC. The discrepancy between uptake and SCC increases approximately in proportion to an increase in sodium concentration of the bathing solutions. Amiloride inhibits the unidirectional sodium uptake by 21 and 69% at a sodium concentration of 115 and 6 mM, respectively. This indicates that amiloride acts on the entry step of sodium but additional effects cannot be excluded. The sodium, uptake is not affected by 10-4 M ouabain at a sodium concentration of 115 mM but is inhibited by 40% at a sodium concentration of 6 mM. Replacement of air by nitrogen leads to a 40% decrease of sodium uptake at a sodium concentration of 6 mM. The results support the view proposed previously (8) that the sodium uptake is made up of two components, a linear component which is, essentially, not involved in transepithelial movement of sodium and a saturating component which reflects changes in transepithelial transport. Amiloride, seems largely to affect the saturating component.

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