In isolated skinned crayfish muscle fibers bathed in solutions that were buffered to be virtually free of Ca2+ (pCa 8–10) the substrate for both contraction and relaxation is the MgNTP complex. Tension increased up to 50% of the maximum capability of the fiber as the substrate MgATP increased to an optimum (pMgATP = 5.5). Relaxation was induced by further increases in MgATP. Similar bell-shaped curves of tension vs. pMgNTP were obtained with UTP and ITP, but optimum pMgUTP was about 4.5 and optimum pMgITP was about 2.6. The relation between equilibrium tension and pMgNTP is described by an equation analogous to that for the kinetics of enzymes regulated by substrate inhibition.

This content is only available as a PDF.