Cell membrane transport of K+ stimulates the rate of glycolysis in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. A study of the characteristics of this relationship indicates that the stimulation occurs under anaerobic as well as under aerobic conditions. The data suggest that glycolysis is stimulated by a K+ transport mechanism that is coupled to Na+ transport because the effect is blunted or abolished when the principal intracellular ion is lithium or choline. This stimulus to glycolysis is blocked by ouabain and ethacrynic acid, agents that have been shown to inhibit monovalent cation transport in erythrocytes. In contrast to the action of ouabain, glycolysis is inhibited by ethacrynic acid in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in the absence of cell membrane K+ transport. In studies with ghost-free hemolysates of human erythrocytes and with cytosol prepared from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, ethacrynic acid significantly blocks lactate formation from fructose diphosphate demonstrating the direct inhibitory effect of this agent on one or more enzymes of the Embden-Meyerhof pathway. Since ethacrynic acid has no influence on lactate formation in intact erythrocytes utilizing an endogenous substrate, the presumptive site of inhibition is proximal to the 3-phosphoglycerate level.

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