Several analogues of the tetraethylammonium (TEA+) ion were injected into the giant axon of the squid, and the resultant changes in time course and magnitude of the potassium current (IK) were studied. For all the analogues used, three of the ethyl side chains of TEA+ were left unchanged, while the fourth chain was either lengthened or shortened. Increasing the length of this chain increased binding to the blocking site in the channel by a factor of roughly two for each added CH2 group. The effect on the rate of entry into the blocking site was relatively slight. Thus the concentration for half-suppression of gK decreased by about the same factor of two for each added CH2. All the analogues caused anomalous or ingoing rectification. The longest chain analogue used, pentyltriethylammonium ion, caused rapid inactivation of gK, and this inactivation had properties quite similar to gNa inactivation. The anomalous rectification and the gK inactivation caused by these compounds have the same basic mechanism.
Inactivation of the Potassium Conductance and Related Phenomena Caused by Quaternary Ammonium Ion Injection in Squid Axons
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Clay M. Armstrong; Inactivation of the Potassium Conductance and Related Phenomena Caused by Quaternary Ammonium Ion Injection in Squid Axons . J Gen Physiol 1 November 1969; 54 (5): 553–575. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.54.5.553
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