As an appropriate model which can simulate the cardiac working muscle with respect to the passive electrical spread, a lattice whose sides have linear cable properties is presented, and the passive potential spread on the model is mathematically analyzed in the fiber direction. Distribution of electrotonic potential in the fiber direction was measured with a pair of intracellular microelectrodes in the cardiac muscle fiber of mouse. By employing “pencil type” microelectrodes potential distribution in the transverse direction within a fiber was also measured. This transverse effect was differentiated from the longitudinal potential distribution. A tonically applied potential at any point of a cell interior spreads continuously in a manner described by a Bessel function. Using appropriate electrical and morphological parameters the experimental results proved to fit the curve obtained from numerical calculation on the model. The apparent length constant obtained for smaller distances (less than 100 μ) from the current source was 70 μ, and it increases as the distance becomes larger. At a point inside the fiber the resistance to the extracellular fluid ranged from 200 to 600 KΩ. The influence of coupling resistance between current and recording electrodes on the measurement of electrotonic potential was examined for small interelectrode distance.

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