L-Alanine and 3-O-methyl-D-glucose accumulation by mucosal strips from rabbit ileum has been investigated with particular emphasis on the interaction between Na and these transport processes. L-Alanine is rapidly accumulated by mucosal tissue and intracellular concentrations of approximately 50 mM are reached within 30 min when extracellular L-alanine concentration is 5 mM. Evidence is presented that intracellular alanine exists in an unbound, osmotically active form and that accumulation is an active transport process. In the absence of extracellular Na, the final ratio of intracellular to extracellular L-alanine does not differ significantly from unity and the rate of net uptake is markedly inhibited. Amino acid accumulation is also inhibited by 5 x 10-5 M ouabain. 3-O-methyl-D-glucose accumulation by this preparation is similarly affected by ouabain and by incubation in a Na-free medium. The effects of amino acid accumulation, of ouabain, and of incubation in a Na-free medium on cell water content and intracellular Na and K concentrations have also been investigated. These results are discussed with reference to the two hypotheses which have been suggested to explain the interaction between Na and intestinal nonelectrolyte transport.

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