1. The destruction which complement undergoes on being heated in dilution in distilled water is least at a reaction between pH 6.1 and 6.4. This depends upon the relative preservation of the midpiece function at this point. This reaction represents probably the isoelectric point of a compound of the euglobulin with some substance present also in serum.
2. During the process of thermoinactivation it is chiefly or entirely the ions of this euglobulin compound which react, and these combine or interact with substances contained in the pseudoglobulin and albumin fraction.
3. The behavior of the euglobulin is different in the anionic and in the cationic condition, since on the acid side of pH 6.1 to 6.4 the destruction by heat increases as rapidly with the acidity in the presence as in the absence of NaCl. On the alkaline side of this point the presence of NaCl protects complement from destruction because of the depression in the ionization of the euglobulin.