Manometric measurements were made of oxygen uptake (QOO2) and aerobic lactic acid output (QG) by slices of cerebral cortex and medulla oblongata of the cat in the presence of mixtures of 1, 5, and 20 volumes per cent of carbon dioxide in oxygen. The concentrations of NaHCO3 and NaCl in the medium were varied to maintain constant pH and sodium ion concentrations. The calcium ion concentration was 0.0002 M.
At pH 7.5 under these conditions, an increase in carbon dioxide from 1 per cent to 5 per cent doubled the QG of both tissues but did not alter QOO2; an increase from 5 per cent to 20 per cent carbon dioxide had no further effect on QG in either tissue or QOO2 of cortex, but did depress the QOO2 of medulla.
At pH 8.1, an increase in carbon dioxide from 1 per cent to 5 per cent raised the QOO2 and QG of cortex by about 60 per cent.
Measurements at low oxygen tension carried out previously in phosphate medium were repeated in bicarbonate medium to obtain data for the combined output of lactic acid and carbon dioxide (QA). When the oxygen in the gas phase was decreased from 95 to 3 volumes per cent, the lactic acid output as measured colorimetrically increased by 114 mg./gm. in cortex and by 8 mg./gm. in medulla; QA increased from 12.3 to 13.5 in cortex and decreased from 5.1 to 3.8 in medulla.