1. New experiments, made in such a way to eliminate as completely as possible products of polarization and the migration of such products when formed, have shown that the exhibition of galvanotropic curvature in roots is mainly dependent upon such products, since no curvature appears when they are excluded.

2. The polarization products injure the external layer of cells of the root; this allows these cells to act as electrodes directly applied on the internal tissues. The inner electrolysis produces such changes in the interior cells that they may be considered as becoming ionically different. This differential state is responsible for curvature.

3. "Galvanotropism" of roots, therefore, cannot be regarded as exactly comparable to the galvanotropic orientations of certain animals, but is essentially dependent upon injury.

This content is only available as a PDF.