The steady-state transport kinetics of the interaction between external sodium and the diuretic drug, amiloride, was studied in isolated anuran skin epithelia. We also investigated the effect of calcium on the amiloride-induced inhibition of short-circuit current (Isc) in these epithelial preparations. The major conclusions of this study are: (a) amiloride is a noncompetitive inhibitor of Na entry in bullfrog and grassfrog skin, but displays mixed inhibition in R. temporaria and the toad. A hypothesis which states that the interaction sites for amiloride and Na on the putative entry protein are spatially distinct in all of these species is proposed. (b) The stoichiometry of interaction between amiloride and the Na entry mechanism is not necessarily one-to-one. (c) The external Ca requirement for the inhibitory effect of amiloride is not absolute. Amiloride, at all concentrations, is equally effective in inhibiting Isc of bullfrog skin independently from the presence or absence of external Ca.

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