Studies have been made of the dependence of the charge of the hemoglobin molecule on hemoglobin concentration in the concentration range between 3 and 11 mmolal. The charge has been determined by measuring the distribution of 42K between a hemoglobin solution in a cellophane bag and an external solution. The pH was 6.6, the K concentration was 10 mM, and the temperature was 4°C. The charge decreased along a sigmoid curve from a value of +3 in the most dilute solutions to a value of +0.5 in the most concentrated solutions. The results were in excellent agreement with earlier studies of Gary-Bobo and Solomon in which Cl distribution was measured between human red cells and external solutions and thus give added support to the conclusion that the apparent anomalous osmotic behavior of human red cells may be attributed to concentration-dependent changes in the hemoglobin net charge. The present findings also support the view that the water in the red cell is solvent water for K and Cl and differs in no quantitatively important respect from bulk water in free solution.

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