The inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) BTP2 was reported to inhibit ryanodine receptor Ca2+ leak and electrically evoked Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum when introduced into mechanically skinned muscle fibers. However, it is unclear how effects of intracellular application of a highly lipophilic drug like BTP2 on Ca2+ release during excitation–contraction (EC) coupling compare with extracellular exposure in intact muscle fibers. Here, we address this question by quantifying the effect of short- and long-term exposure to 10 and 20 µM BTP2 on the magnitude and kinetics of electrically evoked Ca2+ release in intact mouse flexor digitorum brevis muscle fibers. Our results demonstrate that neither the magnitude nor the kinetics of electrically evoked Ca2+ release evoked during repetitive electrical stimulation were altered by brief exposure (2 min) to either BTP2 concentration. However, BTP2 did reduce the magnitude of electrically evoked Ca2+ release in intact fibers when applied extracellularly for a prolonged period of time (30 min at 10 µM or 10 min at 20 µM), consistent with slow diffusion of the lipophilic drug across the plasma membrane. Together, these results indicate that the time course and impact of BTP2 on Ca2+ release during EC coupling in skeletal muscle depends strongly on whether the drug is applied intracellularly or extracellularly. Further, these results demonstrate that electrically evoked Ca2+ release in intact muscle fibers is unaltered by extracellular application of 10 µM BTP2 for <25 min, validating this use to assess the role of SOCE in the absence of an effect on EC coupling.
Acute exposure to extracellular BTP2 does not inhibit Ca2+ release during EC coupling in intact skeletal muscle fibers
This work is part of a special issue on excitation–contraction coupling.
- Award Id(s): AR059646
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Lan Wei-LaPierre, Linda Groom, Robert T. Dirksen; Acute exposure to extracellular BTP2 does not inhibit Ca2+ release during EC coupling in intact skeletal muscle fibers. J Gen Physiol 5 September 2022; 154 (9): e202112976. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.202112976
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