The activity of the TRPM7 channel is negatively regulated by intracellular Mg2+. We previously reported that oxidative stress enhances the inhibition of TRPM7 by intracellular Mg2+. Here, we aimed to clarify the mechanism underlying TRPM7 inhibition by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Site-directed mutagenesis of full-length TRPM7 revealed that none of the cysteines other than C1809 and C1813 within the zinc-binding motif of the TRPM7 kinase domain were involved in the H2O2-induced TRPM7 inhibition. Mutation of C1809 or C1813 prevented expression of full-length TRPM7 on the plasma membrane. We therefore developed an assay to functionally reconstitute full-length TRPM7 by coexpressing the TRPM7 channel domain (M7cd) and the TRPM7 kinase domain (M7kd) as separate proteins in HEK293 cells. When M7cd was expressed alone, the current was inhibited by intracellular Mg2+ more strongly than that of full-length TRPM7 and was insensitive to oxidative stress. Coexpression of M7cd and M7kd attenuated the inhibition by intracellular Mg2+ and restored sensitivity to oxidative stress, indicating successful reconstitution of a full-length TRPM7-like current. We observed a similar effect when M7cd was coexpressed with the kinase-inactive mutant M7kd-K1645R, suggesting that the kinase activity is not essential for the reconstitution. However, coexpression of M7cd and M7kd carrying a mutation at either C1809 or C1813 failed to restore the full-length TRPM7-like current. No reconstitution was observed when using M7kd carrying a mutation at H1750 and H1807, which are involved in the zinc-binding motif formation with C1809 and C1813. These data suggest that the zinc-binding motif is essential for the intracellular Mg2+-dependent regulation of the TRPM7 channel activity by its kinase domain and that the cysteines in the zinc-binding motif play a role in the oxidative stress response of TRPM7.
The zinc-binding motif of TRPM7 acts as an oxidative stress sensor to regulate its channel activity
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Hana Inoue, Takashi Murayama, Takuya Kobayashi, Masato Konishi, Utako Yokoyama; The zinc-binding motif of TRPM7 acts as an oxidative stress sensor to regulate its channel activity. J Gen Physiol 7 June 2021; 153 (6): e202012708. doi: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.202012708
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