Injected intracranially in the dba strain of mice, murine typhus rickettsiae caused a serially transmissible meningoencephalitis similar to that produced by psittacosis and certain other viruses. All injected mice of this strain suddenly became ill and approximately half of these animals died on the 5th and 6th days after injection. Swiss mice injected in parallel series showed illness in only a few animals, and no deaths occurred. These experiments were carried out at room temperatures ranging from 60–80°F.
After intraperitoneal injection, a uniformly fatal rickettsial peritonitis developed in all dba mice kept at environmental temperatures of 65–73°F. or 70–80°F. Death occurred between the 3rd and 7th days after injection, depending somewhat on the dosage used. Among Swiss, brown agouti, and A albino mice injected in parallel series, the mortality was less than 60 per cent. These experiments indicate that mice of the dba strain are much more susceptible to murine typhus than are mice of the other three strains studied.