Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of in vitro phosphorylated proteins coprecipitated by CD2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) from Brij58 lysates of resting human T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells resulted in the identification of a novel 29/30-kD disulfide-linked dimer (pp29/30). Comparative two-dimensional analysis of CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, and CD8 immunoprecipitates revealed that pp29/30 associates with these signaling receptor complexes but not with CD18, CD27, and CD29 in human T lymphocytes. Analysis of CD2 immunoprecipitates prepared from T cell antigen receptor/CD3-modulated T lymphocytes indicated that pp29/30 preferentially associates and comodulates with the human T cell antigen receptor (TCR). Since tyrosine phosphorylated pp29/30 selectively interacts with the Src homology type 2 domains (SHZ) of the protein tyrosine kinases p56lck and p59fyn but not ZAP70 the present data suggest that pp29/30 represents a novel signaling receptor associated phosphoprotein likely involved in the activation of human T lymphocytes and NK cells.

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