IgE-independent mediator release from basophils is considered an important event in inflammation, particularly in nonallergic immediate hypersensitivity and in allergic late-phase reactions. This study demonstrates that after exposure to IL-3, basophils release histamine and leukotrienes in response to the neutrophil-activating peptide NAF/NAP-1. Thus, the sequential action of two pure cytokines can promote basophils mediator release. In the presence of IL-3, NAF/NAP-1 functions like a "histamine-releasing factor" and may therefore not only induce cellular infiltration but also provoke symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions.

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