The (NZB x NZW)F1 mouse strain develops a syndrome of accelerated autoimmunity including severe renal disease and early death. Evidence suggests that class II molecules play a central role in this process. Previous studies have suggested that the NZW strain contributes at least one gene to the development of accelerated autoimmunity that is linked to the H-2 complex, and antibodies to murine class II molecules have been used to ameliorate disease in (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. We therefore wished to sequence the class II molecules from NZW mice to identify any unique sequences that may contribute to disease development. We constructed oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the 5' and 3' regions of the second exon of class II genes from a variety of haplotypes, and used these primers in a polymerase chain reaction to sequence the second exon of the NZW I-A alpha, I-A beta, and I-E beta genes. We report that the second exons of NZW I-A alpha, I-A beta, and I-E alpha are identical to their counterparts of the previously sequenced u haplotype, and that the second exon of NZW I-E beta is identical to its counterpart from u except for a single base change that results in a substitution of arginine for threonine at amino acid 72. This base and amino acid are identical to those found at the same positions in the s haplotype.
A unique sequence of the NZW I-E beta chain and its possible contribution to autoimmunity in the (NZB x NZW)F1 mouse.
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J Schiffenbauer, D M McCarthy, N R Nygard, S L Woulfe, D K Didier, B D Schwartz; A unique sequence of the NZW I-E beta chain and its possible contribution to autoimmunity in the (NZB x NZW)F1 mouse.. J Exp Med 1 September 1989; 170 (3): 971–984. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.170.3.971
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