A low metastatic, thioguanine-resistant murine T lymphoma line (EbTGR) was hybridized in vitro, with the help of polyethylene glycol, with syngeneic bone marrow-derived macrophages. Two HAT-resistant hybrid lines (Eb-F1 and Eb-F2) were obtained from independent fusion cultures. A cytogenetic analysis revealed that most of the macrophage chromosomes except No. 12 had segregated or become rearranged 60 d after fusion, a time at which the cell lines had become stabilized in culture. Syngeneic mice inoculated subcutaneously with the tumor macrophage hybrid lines developed, very quickly, visceral metastases and died after less than 2 wk, while those inoculated with the parental line lived for greater than 6 wk and developed only localized, large primary tumors. The metastatic hybridomas expressed a similar tumor antigen as a spontaneous, in vivo derived, high metastatic variant (ESb) of the same tumor. This suggests that ESb cells might have arisen from a spontaneous fusion with a host macrophage.
Acquisition of high metastatic capacity after in vitro fusion of a nonmetastatic tumor line with a bone marrow-derived macrophage.
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L Larizza, V Schirrmacher, E Pflüger; Acquisition of high metastatic capacity after in vitro fusion of a nonmetastatic tumor line with a bone marrow-derived macrophage.. J Exp Med 1 November 1984; 160 (5): 1579–1584. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.160.5.1579
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