We have examined the role of macrophage (M phi plasma membrane receptors for the cleaved third complement component (iC3b; CR3) and mannosyl, fucosyl terminated glycoproteins (MFR) in uptake of unopsonized zymosan. Monoclonal antibodies against CR3, M1/70 (Mac-1) and MO1, each inhibited approximately 50% of uptake of 125I-zymosan by murine and human M phi, respectively. Yeast mannan inhibited 0-50% of zymosan uptake in various M phi, in parallel with their expression of MFR. We demonstrated that M phi were the source of C3 in our assay and that the activity of other components of the complement system, namely a C3 convertase, factor I, and a factor I cofactor were also present in serum-free cultures of human monocytes. Macrophage C3 was deposited rapidly, within 10 min, on the zymosan particles and mediated binding, ingestion, and stimulation of superoxide release in BCG-activated and thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal M phi via CR3. Local secretion of complement proteins by M phi themselves can therefore opsonize pathogens and cells able to activate the alternative pathway and effect their destruction.
Local opsonization by secreted macrophage complement components. Role of receptors for complement in uptake of zymosan.
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
R A Ezekowitz, R B Sim, M Hill, S Gordon; Local opsonization by secreted macrophage complement components. Role of receptors for complement in uptake of zymosan.. J Exp Med 1 January 1984; 159 (1): 244–260. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.159.1.244
Download citation file: