In the course of generating monoclonal antibodies to human thymus-dependent differentiation antigens, we were able to define specificities shared by T cells and by cells from patients with chronic lymphatic leukemia that were not detectable on normal B cells. In particular, one of these antibodies was reactive by indirect immunofluorescence with greater than 95% of the thymocytes and 80--95% of nonadherent sheep erythrocyte-rosetting peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), but was unreactive with normal B cells or cell lines derived from PBL by Epstein-Barr virus transformation. However, the leukemic cells from 11 of 14 patients with B-type chronic lymphatic leukemia were found to express detectable concentrations of this surface determinant. The target antigen recognized by this monoclonal antibody was shown by immunoprecipitation and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to be a p69,71 complex. Our findings suggest a possible relationship between this antigen and the previously described GIX system in the mouse.

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