When cyclophosphamide was administered to mice before immunization with syngeneic SV40 transformed cells, the specific immune response elicited, as was measured by in vitro 51Cr release assay was stronger and lasted longer when compared to the response generated in noncyclophosphamide-treated mice. The augmentation effect of the drug was dependent on cyclophosphamide concentration being optimal at 100 mg/kg and on the time of drug administration in relation to antigen immunization being optimal at 2 d before antigen administration. Transfer of T cells from normal syngeneic mice to drug-treated animals abolished the cyclophosphamide-induced augmentation of immune response. These results implied that cyclophosphamide sensitive T cells suppressed the in vivo generation of specific effector T cells against SV40-induced tumor-associated antigens.

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