19S and 7S memory is analyzed in a system of cooperating antigenic determinants. Cooperation occurs in the induction of both 19S and 7S secondary antibodies, and for both responses carrier specificity can be entirely accounted for by presensitization of the animal to carrier determinants.

The class distribution of secondary anti-hapten antibody depends on the dose of the hapten primary-carrier conjugate used for priming, and on the time interval between priming with the hapten primary-carrier conjugate and secondary injection. The conditions of priming with the secondary carrier influence the extent of the secondary response but not the class distribution of secondary antibody. The data confirm the cooperation hypothesis of antibody induction. Specifically, we interpret them to mean that in hapten-carrier cooperation, the hapten-specific memory cells are predetermined for the class of the emerging antibodies. Together with the hapten-specific memory cells, the carrier-specific helpers are responsible for the extent of the secondary response.

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