Human plasminogen, plasma, or serum increased the pathogenicity of six streptokinase-positive streptococcal strains for mice. Combinations of commercial streptokinase and plasminogen or streptokinase and plasma did not usually increase mouse mortality to a greater degree than did plasminogen or plasma alone, suggesting that the maximal effective amount of streptokinase was produced by the organisms.
The pathogenicity of Salmonella paratyphi (fibrinolysin variable) and a Group D streptococcus (streptokinase-negative) was not increased by plasminogen, plasma, or streptokinase, whereas a combination of streptokinase and plasminogen, or streptokinase and plasma did significantly increase mouse mortality resulting from these organisms.
Combinations of certain concentrations of streptokinase and plasminogen increased the pathogenicity of a fibrinolysin-negative staphylococcal strain for mice to a greater extent than did either substance alone.
The observed results provide evidence that streptokinase, by an interaction with plasminogen, contributes to the pathogenicity of streptokinase-positive streptococci.