A second series of four variants of PR8-S virus has been produced by passage of the variants in the lungs of mice immunized with the PR8-S virus as well as the homologous strain. The PR8-S virus was added as a constant component of the vaccine so that a high antibody titer to it would suppress selectively the development of variants with PR8-S characteristics. Comparative H.I. and in ovo neutralization tests with the first and second series of variants revealed that the three variants, Fd/s, Gf/s, and Hg/s, of the second series, failed to react with PR8-S antisera and produced significantly smaller amounts of antibody which reacted with PR8-S, the variants of the first series, and the first variant (D/s) of the second series. Although these three variants reacted quite similarly in the H.I. and neutralization tests cross-absorption of these sera with the PR8-S virus and themselves revealed individual antigenic characteristics. While these studies emphasize the importance of the immune state of the host the precise mechanism in the selection of a new antigenic component in the emerging variant must yet be determined.
ANTIGENIC VARIANTS OF INFLUENZA A VIRUS (PR8 STRAIN) : IV. SEROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A SECOND LINE OF VARIANTS DEVELOPED IN MICE GIVEN POLYVALENT VACCINE
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Dorothy Hamre, Clayton G. Loosli, Paul Gerber; ANTIGENIC VARIANTS OF INFLUENZA A VIRUS (PR8 STRAIN) : IV. SEROLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A SECOND LINE OF VARIANTS DEVELOPED IN MICE GIVEN POLYVALENT VACCINE . J Exp Med 1 June 1958; 107 (6): 845–855. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.107.6.845
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