1. A virus capable of producing fatal pneumonia in mice has been isolated repeatedly from the lungs of certain apparently healthy mice. Not all mice carry the virus. It was obtained only from mice supplied by three breeders although mice from eight different sources were studied.
2. The virus was avirulent as it occurred in normal mouse lungs and became virulent only after serial mouse lung passage. It was strictly pneumotropic for mice and produced pneumonia when given intranasally but showed no evidence of infection when given by other routes. The virus was non-infectious for ferrets and did not become pathogenic for this species after numerous serial passages. It was also non-pathogenic for rabbits, guinea pigs, rhesus monkeys, voles, deer mice, skunks, wood-chucks, opossums, and Syrian hamsters.
3. All strains of the virus which have been tested have been immunologically identical, as indicated both by cross immunity and cross neutralization tests in mice.
4. The virus was antigenic both in mice and in rabbits and was readily differentiated from viruses of human influenza and of swine influenza by means of either cross immunity or cross neutralization tests.
5. The virus was also neutralized by about 30 per cent of normal human sera tested.
6. The virus was extremely labile, and suspensions prepared in saline or broth became inactivated within a few hours at room temperature. The addition of normal horse serum to the virus suspensions, however, exerted a definite stabilizing effect.
7. Ultrafiltration results indicated that the virus particles have a diameter of about 100 to 150 millimicrons.
8. Evidence is presented which indicates that this virus is different from other viruses which various investigators have found in normal mouse lungs.