Autoradiography and quantitative radiochemical techniques have been used to determine intracellular localization of tritium and the quantity of tissue-bound tritium, respectively, following injections of H3-aniline azo PGG or H3-arsanilazo PGG to yield hyperimmune or secondary response stimulation in mice. Autoradiography revealed intracytoplasmic localization of grains in macrophages of spleen and lung sections, and in Kupffer cells of liver sections following intravenous and subcutaneous injections of H3-aniline azo PGG. Quantitation of tissue section surface radioactivities in the windowless flow counter and scintillation counter, and of dissolved tissue section activities in the scintillation counter, showed that greatest radioactivity was present in lung tissue, with less in spleen, liver, and mesenteric lymph nodes from these hyperimmunized mice.
Autoradiographic studies on tissue sections from mice in secondary response stimulation after subcutaneous foot-pad injections of H3-arsanilazo PGG, showed intracellular and extracellular grains over regional popliteal node sections, with intracytoplasmic grain localization over macrophages and pyroninophilic plasmacytes. Scattered macrophages in spleen and lung sections also contained intracytoplasmic radioactivity. Clusters of antibody-synthesizing cells in the regional lymph nodes were demonstrated with fluorescence microscopy, and these cells were compared to similar cells possessing radioactivity as observed in the section autoradiographs. An occasional Russell body plasma cell containing specific antibody was observed in splenic impressions. Windowless flow counting showed that greatest radioactivity was in regional node sections, with less in spleen and lung, and none in contralateral lymph nodes.
A quantitative comparison between windowless flow counting and autoradiography revealed that 20 counts were required to yield one silver grain.