Late cardiac toxicity is a potentially lethal complication of cancer therapy, yet the pathogenic mechanism remains largely unknown, and few treatment options exist. Here we report DNA-damaging agents such as radiation and anthracycline chemotherapies inducing delayed cardiac inflammation following therapy due to activation of cGAS- and STING-dependent type I interferon signaling. Genetic ablation of cGAS–STING signaling in mice inhibits DNA damage–induced cardiac inflammation, rescues late cardiac functional decline, and prevents death from cardiac events. Treatment with a STING antagonist suppresses cardiac interferon signaling following DNA-damaging therapies and effectively mitigates cardiac toxicity. These results identify a therapeutically targetable, pathogenic mechanism for one of the most vexing treatment-related toxicities in cancer survivors.

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