The ultrastructure of mitosis is described in Thraustotheca clavata, an oömycete fungus. An intranuclear spindle develops between differentiated regions of the nuclear envelope which move apart, each associated with 180° oriented centriole pairs. The spindle contains low numbers of continuous and interdigitating microtubules in addition to chromosomal microtubules. Each kinetochore is attached to only one microtubule. Serial section analysis shows that at meiosis there are probably 12 chromosomes in the diploid nucleus, yet at mitosis the methods utilized in the present study suggest that there may be less than 12 kinetochores connected to each pole. At mitosis many of the kinetochores within a given spindle are not arranged in opposite pairs. The behavior of the spindle microtubules during mitosis is comparable to that of higher organisms but the rarity of short intertubular distances appears to preclude significant force generation by means of intertubular bridge mechanisms. Evidence is presented for a nuclear envelope-microtubule interaction which is capable of generating shear forces during both mitosis and interphase nuclear movements.