E- and P-selectin are inducible cell adhesion molecules on endothelial cells, which function as Ca(2+)-dependent lectins and mediate the binding of neutrophils and monocytes. We have recently identified a 150-kD glycoprotein ligand for E-selectin on mouse myeloid cells, using a recombinant antibody-like form of mouse E-selectin. Here, we report that this ligand does not bind to an analogous P-selectin fusion protein. Instead, the chimeric P-selectin-IgG protein recognizes a 160-kD glycoprotein on the mouse neutrophil progenitor 32D cl 3, on mature mouse neutrophils and on human HL60 cells. The binding is Ca(2+)-dependent and requires the presence of sialic acid on the ligand. This P-selectin-ligand is not recognized by E-selectin. Removal of N-linked carbohydrate side chains from the 150-kD and the 160-kD monospecific selectin ligands abolishes the binding of both ligands to the respective selectin. Treatment of HL60 cells with Peptide: N-glycosidase F inhibited cell binding to P- and E-selectin. In addition, glycoproteins of 230 and 130 kD were found on mature mouse neutrophils, which bound both to E- and P-selectin in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. The signals detected for these ligands were 15-20-fold weaker than those for the monospecific ligands. Both proteins were heavily sialylated and selectin-binding was blocked by removal of sialic acid, but not by removal of N-linked carbohydrates. Our data reveal that E- and P-selectin recognize two categories of glycoprotein ligands: one type requires N-linked carbohydrates for binding and is monospecific for each of the two selectins and the other type binds independent of N-linked carbohydrates and is common for both endothelial selectins.
E-selectin is an inducible endothelial cell adhesion molecule for neutrophils which functions as a Ca(2+)-dependent lectin. Using a recombinant, antibody-like form of mouse E-selectin, we have searched for glycoprotein ligands on mouse neutrophils and the neutrophil progenitor cell line 32D cl 3. We have identified a 150-kD glycoprotein as the only protein which could be affinity-isolated with soluble E-selectin from [35S]methionine/[35S]cysteine-labeled 32D cl 3 cells. Binding of this protein was strictly Ca(2+)-dependent, was blocked by a cell adhesion-blocking mAb against mouse E-selectin, and required the presence of sialic acid on the 150-kD ligand. This glycoprotein was also affinity-isolated from mature neutrophils, in addition to a minor component at 250 kD, but could not be isolated from several other non-myeloid cell lines. The 150-kD glycoprotein was the only protein from 32D cl 3 cells, which was detectable by silver-staining after a one-step affinity-isolation.