Two distinct forms of globin messenger RNA were isolated from mouse spleen cells infected with Friend erythroleukemia virus: polyribosomal messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (15S mRNP), and their corresponding protein-free mRNAs obtained by chemical deproteinization. The translation efficiencies of both messenger forms were assayed in a Krebs II ascites cell-free system. Selective removal of RNA-binding proteins from the ascites cell lysate did not affect globin synthesis when the mRNA was supplied as 15S mRNP; deproteinized mRNA however was not translated. Only in the presence of two fractions of RNA-binding proteins was the protein-free mRNA translated. Some of the RNA-binding proteins have the same molecular weights and isoelectric points as the principal proteins of 15S mRNP.

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