Neurofilaments were isolated from the axoplasm of the giant axons of Myxicola infundibulum and squid. The axoplasm was fractionated by discontinuous sucrose gradient centrifugation and gel filtration on Sepharose 4B. The fractions were monitored for neurofilaments by electron microscopy. When isolated in the presence of chelating agents, the neurofilaments of Myxicola are composed almost entirely of protein subunits with mol wt of 150,000 and 160,000. Squid neurofilaments contain two major proteins with mol wt of 200,000 and 60,000. These proteins are compared with other intermediate filament proteins which have been reported in the literature.

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