The amount of actin and total protein per cell in normal rat kidney (NRK) cells in culture is initially high in very low density cultures, but rapidly decreases as the cells come into contact in higher density cultures. In a viral transformant of NRK (442), the level of actin and total protein does not change significantly from low to high density cultures. NRK cells, which are flattened against the substrate, have prominent bundles of actinlike microfilaments in the basal cytoplasm adjacent to the substrate. 442 cells, which adhere poorly and are more spherical in shape, lack well-organized basal microfilament bundles, but may display microfilament bundles in cytoplasmic processes extending from the cell body. The percentage of insoluble actin is less than 20% in both cell lines, and 442 cells consistently contain smaller amounts than NRK cells.

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