After removal of one mouse kidney, compensatory hypertrophy in the remaining kidney is marked in 2 days by a 20% average increase in ribosomal RNA (rRNA) per cell. Both 28S and 18S RNA are conserved during the initial stages of compensatory renal hypertrophy to an extent sufficient to account for the rest of the observed accumulation of rRNA. Like some cultured cells, the kidney conserves rRNA during physiological growth.

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